etchers and engravers
ABBOT, Lemuel Francis
A portrait painter famous for pictures
of Lord Nelson. Painted members of the Blackheath Society of Golfers.
ABSOLON, John (1815-1895)
in Lambeth, London. He was an accomplished landscape, seascape and
genre painter in oil and watercolour, beginning as a scenery painter
for theatres in Drury Lane and Covent Garden, London. He began painting
in oil, but following a four year stay in Paris from 1835, he changed
his medium to watercolour. His watercolours were praised for their
'fresh and breezy manner', and were well exhibited.
ADAMS, Douglas (fl 1880-1905)
London sporting and landscape painter. His landscapes were mainly
views of Scotland and Ireland. Adams was better known for his pictures
of sporting scenes, fishing, golf and wild fowl shooting, which
were widely published. His golfing series are amongst the most famous
golf images in the World. Exhibited R.A.
(1767 - 1849)
A painter of animals who came from
a Swiss aristocratic family, he began drawing the animals on the
family estate at an early age. Persuaded to come to England by a
rich patron and friend, he settled in London and there produced
some of his best work. His knowledge of the anatomy of horses was
extensive. He also painted portraits and historical subjects but
his pictures of horses are outstanding, and were compared favourably
with those of George Stubbs.
ALKEN, Henry (1785 - 1851)
in London, he became best known of a family of sporting artists,
signing his early work 'Ben Tally Ho'. A keen sportsman he gave
an authentic feel to his hunting prints and pictures. He became
widely known for his sporting prints and pictures as well as his
watercolour hunting, coaching and shooting scenes.
ANGLEY, H.J. (fl 1885 - 1887)
engraver who mainly engraved plates of paintings by notable artists
for the major print publishers of the day. Occasionally he would
engrave plates of his own designs, and found great succrss with
this formula later in life.
ANSDELL, Richard (1815-1895)
in Liverpool, he was a landscape, sporting and animal painter who
was skilled in portraying game sports and game. He began his studies
in 1836, and by 1840 was exhibiting at the Royal Academy. He followed
the fashion for highland genre and landscapes, in a style much like
that of his contemporary Sir Edwin Landseer. His work was accomplished
and as a result was, immensely popular. Elected RA in 1870.
ANSTED, Alexander (fl 1888
Late Victorian painter and engraver of
landscapes, his work is admired for its feeling of serenity and
calm, especially his river scenes. A number of engravings of his
are held by the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
ARMFIELD, George (1820 - 1893)
in Hampstead, London, he was an avid sportsman, a prolific and popular
painter of landscapes, wild animals and dead game birds. Best known
for pictures of terriers at work. he had a deep understanding for
his subjects producing technically fine work. Exhibited RA, BI and
Wilfred Williams (1853 - 1917)
and marine painter, etcher and watercolourist who lived in Putney.
He traveled in Holland, Germany, Italy and Egypt to gain inspiration
for his paintings and etchings. However, most of his subjects were
of his home country and he exhibited a variety of landscapes of
the English countryside, including views of the Thames, Stratford
upon Avon and other towns. Exhibited RA.
BARBER, Charles Burton
A sporting and animal painter specialising
in dog portraits and children with dogs. Producing attractive well
drawn work, he was patronised by Queen Victoria. Exhibited RA
BARENGER, J.R. (fl 1853-1855)
London painter of shooting scenes and sporting dogs as well as portraits
of prize cattle, some of which were used for advertisements.
BARKER, Thomas Jones (1815-1882)
painter. Historical subjects and battle scenes were his speciality
but he was also known as an accomplished portrait painter who was
interested in Scottish Highland life as well as military scenes
of the Crimean and Napoleonic wars. Exhibited RA.
BARRAUD, Francis P (fl 1817-1891)
painter of architectural subjects and local scenes both in Britain
and abroad, in oils and watercolour. Exhibited RA
BARRAUD, William (1810-1850)
painter of sporting subjects, hunting scenes and portraits of riders,
horses and dogs; his horses are well portrayed with skill and charm.
A pupil of Abraham Cooper, he often collaborated with his brother
Henry Barraud on joint paintings; with William concentrating on
the animals whilst Henry painted the figures. His knowledge of anatomy
led to his contribution of sketches to two books of animal studies.
Exhibited RA from the age of eighteen.
BATEMAN, James (1815-1849)
sporting painter of hunting, shooting and fishing subjects, self
taught, he began as a clerk before turning to painting as a career.
He was a friend of Sir Edwin Landseer and shared his studio. A talented
artist he exhibited at the main London exhibitions, and contributed
to sporting magazines. Exhibited RA and SS
BAYES, Alfred Walter (1832
London painter of genre, portraits, biblical
and historical subjects as well as an accomplished etcher and engraver.
BEADLE, James Prinsep
Versatile painter of historical
and military subjects as well as landscapes, animals and portraits.
The son of a Major-General in the British Army in Calcutta, he moved
to Europe to study in Paris and London. His work was well thought
of for its accuracy and detail and he won the bronze medal at the
Paris Universal Exhibition in 1889. Exhibited RA
BEARD, Katherine L (fl 1885-1890)
London painter, renowned for her attractive and detailed flower
studies as well as domestic scenes of animals and children. Exhibited
BECKINGHAM, Arthur (fl 1881
A London painter of English countryside,
genre, historical and romantic subjects. Exhibited RA.
BELLINI, Giovanni (1430 -
Famed Renaissance painter, member of the
Bellini family with whom he studied and worked, painting religious
and classical subjects as well as portraits. With his brother Gentile
he worked on the decor of the School of Saint Mark and later restored
the frescos in the church itself. An innovative artist whose work
constantly evolved throughout his life.
BERKELEY, Stanley (fl 1878
A versatile London painter and illustrator.
He painted a wide range of subjects including animal, landscape,
sporting subjects and historical battle scenes. In demand as an
illustrator of magazines and books, known for his military and hunting
scenes. He exhibited at the RA, SS and NWS.
BIRD, Harrington (fl 1870 -
A late Victorian painter essentially remembered
for sporting and genre themes and lively fresh portraits of horses.
Based in London throughout his life, he exhibited at the RA from
1870, as well as SS.
BIRKET FOSTER, Myles (1825
Birket Foster, one of the best known
landscape illustrators and watercolourists, was born in North Shields,
and was taken to London as a child. From age 16 he was apprenticed
as a wood engraver to Ebenezer Landells (who had studied under Bewick),
who advised him to turn to landscape draughtsmanship. He worked
for the 'Illustrated London News' and the periodicals of the day
as a very prolific black and white artist, also illustrating many
books, especially poetry, including Longfellow's 'Evangeline' and
'Goldsmith's Poems'. A volume of his drawings of English landscapes
was published in 1863, with poetry by the critic Tom Taylor (patron
of W. S. Burton), who churned out the poems to accompany the pictures
after Tennyson had refused. From 1859, he had turned largely to
more financially rewarding watercolours, exhibiting at the Royal
Academy for the first time in that year. He was elected RWS the
following year, and exhibited some 300 watercolours at the RWS gallery.
Foster's typical illustrative work was in the form of black and
white vignettes, with rather less in a larger size or in colour.
His paintings and drawings have been criticised for their repetitive
nature, and it is true there is something formulaic about many of
the pretty scenes with trees arching across the sky. On the other
hand, they are technically accomplished, catch the different aspects
and character vegetative life well, and at their best, his landscapes
can look most explorable.
biography courtesy of Bob Speel, click
here to see his page dedicated mainly to 19th century British art.)
BLINKS, Thomas (1853 - 1910)
painter of hunting and racing scenes, born in Maidstone, Kent. Sketching
from an early age, his work looking after horses and hounds gave
him first hand experience of the subject. His painting and drawing
skills were highly regarded especially the natural and lively action
of his dogs. One of his more celebrated paintings depicts George
V hunting. Exhibited RA from 1881.
BOUGHTON, George Henry
(1833 - 1905)
London painter of a wide range
of subjects including genre, figure subjects, portraits, landscapes,
hunting scenes and sporting pictures. Born in Norwich he traveled
to America with his parents and studied in New York and Paris, finally
coming to live in London. His work is inclined to the sentimental
yet well executed with a fresh approach. Member RA.
BRADLEY, Basil (1842 - 1904)
painter of landscapes and genre. Scenes in England and Scotland
particularly attracted him. In particular when he lived in London,
he painted the neighbouring countryside of the River Thames. Exhibited
RA. Member RWS.
BROMLEY, Valentine Walter
London watercolour painter of fairytales,
noble and rustic themes. Found success at an early age. A book illustrator
he also contributed to and advised the Illustrated London News.
His pictures were romantic and fanciful. Member RI. Exhibited RA.
BROWN, Mather (fl 1782-1831)
portrait painter, born in Boston U.S.A. he came to London where
he achieved success. A skilled portraitist he was in demand by distinguished
people of the day, including members of the Royal family. Military,
religious and literary themes were also among the subjects he painted.
BROWNSCOMBE, Miss Jennie
Born in Pennsylvania USA, she studied
in New York and London. A genre painter her work was exhibited in
London and Paris. Exhibited RA
BUCK, Nathaniel (early 18th
Engraver working in London in the
first part of the eighteenth century. Produced a set of views of
England but chiefly collaborated with his brother Samuel.
BUCK, Samuel (1696-1779)
century painter and important engraver in London. Worked mainly
on views of ruined churches, country mansions and towns in England
and Wales. Exhibited RA.
BURGESS, William (1755-1813)
engraver specialising in churches and cathedrals of England. His
work is outstanding for its detail and clarity.
BURNE-JONES, Edward Coley
Edward Coley Burne-Jones, born in
Birmingham, showed little inclination towards art as a young man,
and went up to Oxford to study theology. There he met William Morris,
in the same year, at the same college, studying for the same degree,
and they became lifelong friends.
Both of the young
men gradually became less sure of their future as clergymen, and
after seeing some work by Rossetti, Burne-Jones resolved to become
a painter. However, he studied on for two years until he finally
met Rossetti in person and asked his advice. Rossetti unhesitatingly
advised him to drop the theology and become an artist. Burne-Jones
became Rossetti's pupil in 1855, and Rossetti acted as his mentor
in many ways, introducing him to influential friends and helping
him gain commissions. One commission passed to Burne-Jones by Rossetti
was for a stained-glass window, and he subsequently became a master
in this art.
Burne-Jones's early paintings were very
Rossetti-like, but he developed his own style after travelling to
Italy in 1859 and 1862. On one trip to Italy, he was accompanied
by John Ruskin. As well as paintings, he also produced decorative
work for William Morris's company - book illustrations, tapestries,
stained-glass windows and other crafts. His output was prodigious
by any standards - over 1000 cartoons for stained glass alone. He
completed some 200 oil paintings during his lifetime.
became ARA in 1885, without even having put his name forward, only
to resign some years later after exhibiting only one picture at
the Academy. He had a habit of returning to unfinished pictures
many years afterwards, so it is difficult to discern changes in
his style after he moved out of Rossetti's shadow. He was a very
good colourist, and also excelled at drapery, where he did not confine
himself to any one style. Careful in composition and a superb draftsman,
he was an all-rounder who, rarely for an English painter of the
time, had a reputation in Continental Europe, his honours including
Corresponding Member of the Institute of France. He was created
a baronet in 1894.
Burne-Jones's favorite subjects
were graceful girls, angels, gods and heroes, generally sad-looking,
thoughtful or asleep. Grace and langour rather than fast action
gives an unearthly remoteness to his paintings. Some of his many
important pictures are The Garden of the Hesperides, Love Among
the Ruins and The Golden Stairs at the Tate Gallery, King Cophetua
and the Beggar Maid (at the Tate and at Birmingham), The Brazen
Tower at Oxford, Merlin and Nimue and a study for The Wheel of Fortune
at the V&A as well as Cupid's Hunting Fields and The Mill in
the Henry Cole Wing, Sponsa de Libano at the Walker Art Gallery,
Liverpool and the watercolour St George and the Dragon at the William
Morris Gallery. Series include The Briar Rose (Buscot Park, Farringdon
UK), Pygmalion and the Image ( Birmingham) and The Perseus Series
(Southampton). As mentioned, his characters tend to be thoughtful
or wistful rather than emotional, but there are some striking exceptions
- The Beguiling of Merlin (Port Sunlight, UK), The Depths of the
Sea (Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University) and Pan and Psyche (also
Burne-Jones influenced many painters.
These included T. M. Rooke, who assisted Burne-Jones in his work
for Morris and Co., John Melhuish Strudwick, Spencer Stanhope, Charles
Fairfax Murray and Evelyn de Morgan. His son, Philip Burne-Jones
was also a painter.
biography courtesy of Bob Speel, click
here to see his page dedicated mainly to 19th century British art.)
BUSS, Robert William (1804
London painter of historical genre and
portraits. he began by painting theatrical scenes and portraits.
he edited the Fine Art Almanac and English Graphic Satire to which
he contributed his own etchings. Exhibited RA.
CALDECOTT, Randolph (1846
Randolph Caldecott was one of the most
famous Victorian illustrators, despite having rather a short working
life. He was born in Chester, and taught himself drawing as a child.
His father, a businessman, discouraged him from pursuing art as
a career, and enrolled him as a bank clerk in Shropshire. He nevertheless
continued drawing, and after some seven years, his first published
drawings appeared in a Manchester paper. He began to illustrate
for various journals, and in 1872 went to London, studying at the
Slade School under Poynter. His career took off the following year
with his illustrations for Washington Irving's Old Christmas, and
Bracebridge Hall in 1874. From that year he was taken on by The
Graphic, and he also made many pictures for Punch and other magazines.
In 1876 the first of his Toy Books appeared, which were among the
most popular of their type. In 1885 he made an ill-fated trip to
America for the sake of his health. After a difficult voyage, he
became sick and died in Florida at the age of 40.
biography courtesy of Bob Speel, click
here to see his page dedicated mainly to 19th century British art.)
CALVERT, Henry (fl 1813 - 1861)
in Manchester of an artistic family, a sporting artist whose
talent has been underestimated. His horse paintings were particularly
accurate and expressive. He lived and worked in Wales for most of
his life and painted a variety of animals including portraits of
local cattle. Exhibited RA from 1826 - 1854.
CARMICHAEL, John Wilson
(1800 - 1868)
Newcastle painter famous in the
nort of England for his portrayal of marine subjects, landscapes
and a series of railway drawings. Recorded the Crimean war for the
Illustrated London News. A skilled draughtsman his attention to
detail and his portrayal of action conveyed life to his scenes.
CARPENTER, Margaret Sarah
(1793 - 1872)
London portrait painter whose skill
in portraying her sitter was in great demand by eminent and fashionable
members of society. Added her own perception and style as a woman
to the portrait painting tradition of Lawrence. Exhibited RA.
CARTER, Samuel John (1835
A sporting and animal painter, born in
Swaffham, Norfolk. He first exhibited at the RA at an early age,
and painted a wide range of subjects in a highly polished style.
He excelled as a painter of dogs and puppies, conveying the warmth
of their nature. His sensitive portrayal suited the Victorian sentimental
attitude to animals and his work was so popular that he became principal
animal painter to the Illustrated London News.
CHAMBERS, George Senior
Marine artist using oils and watercolour.
Born in Whitby the son of a fisherman, he was a sailor until the
age of seventeen. After this he set up as a painter of architecture
and ships, however on moving to London he concentrated on marine
subjects. His knowledge of sea and ships gave authenticity to his
paintings which, traditional in style, were in demand by Royal Naval
officers. King William IV commissioned four pictures. His son George
Chambers also became an accomplished marine artist. Exhibited RA.
CHAZAL, Antoine (1793 - 1854)
French painter and engraver of flowers and fruit. He lived and worked
in Paris, receiving the cross of the Legion d'honneur in 1838. His
work was so detailed that he published a highly succesful album
of his paintings 'Flore Pittoresque'.
CHEVIOT, Lilian (fl 1853-1903)
animal painter, who lived in Surrey. Known for her affectionate
studies of dogs, especially Scottish Highland breeds, as well as
horses. Exhibited RA.
COCKBURN, James Pattison
(1779 - 1847)
Watercolour painter and engraver,
born in London. He became a Major General in the Royal Artillery.
A voyage to Canada opened his eyes to the beauty of the landscape
and he was inspired to paint many scenes of that country. He traveled
extensively, publishing many books, illustrated by himself of his
later voyages and travels.
COLE, George Vicat (1833-1893)
landscape painter. Born in Portsmouth, he lived in London from where
he painted the countryside of the Home Counties, especially Surrey.
He was particularly attracted by views along The Thames. Besides
the gentler scenes he liked to paint the grand landscapes in the
manner of Leader. Son of the landscape painter George Cole who greatly
influenced his style. A regular exhibitor at the Royal Academy from
the age of twenty-two, he was elected RA in 1888.
COLLYER, Margaret (fl 1897-1910)
painter of figure studies and animals who moved to Kensington from
her native Nottingham. Her dog paintings are known for the careful
portrayal and observation of the characteristics of each animal.
CONSTABLE, John (1776-1837)
famous English landscape artist. Born in Suffolk he began painting
the familiar scenes about him, in the area which is now known as
"Constable Country". A formal training in London did not
deter him from painting the countryside as he saw it, adding his
own genius of observation and interpretation so that each picture
is full of light and life. He is considered to be one of the founding
fathers of British Impressionism along with JMW Turner, his contemporary.
This impressionist feel to his paintings caused a sensation when
they were first exhibited, for their fresh natural colour and strong
atmosphere. His work had a profound influence on later landscape
painters, including the French Impressionists.
COOPER, Abraham (1787-1868)
highly talented and versatile artist who was largely self taught.
A pre-emininent painter of battle scenes, he was also a skilled
sporting artist especially with his portraits of race horses. Exhibited
RA, BI and SS.
COOPER, Alexander Davis
Son of Abraham Cooper (qv). London
painter of landscapes, dog studies, portraits, genre and scenes
from Shakespeare. Exhibited RA.
COPE, Charles West (1811
Painter and engraver of literary and
biblical subjects, contemporary and historical genre. Skilled at
conveying dramatic situations and painting drowds. Also painted
sympathetic pictures of mothers and children and small contemporary
genre works which found great popularity. Exhibited RA.
CORBOULD, Edward Henry
A painter, mainly in watercolour.
Painted a variety of subjects illustrating literature, history,
biblical subjects and daily life. Work admired by Queen Victoria
and Prince Albert, and following the purchase of one of his watercolour
paintings in 1842 by Prince Albert he became a painting tutor to
members of the Royal Family in 1851. Exhibited RA.
CRESWICK, Thomas (1811 - 1869)
landscape painter specialising in in scenes of Wales and northern
England. Frequently figures and animals were added by his friends
such as Richard Andsell and William Powell Frith. His work was powerful
and highly succesful.. Elected RA in 1851.
DAVIS, Henry T (fl 1850)
painter of animals and sporting subjects who specialised in portraits
of champion horses.
DAVIS, J Valentine (1854
A painter of english landscapes and some
genre interior pictures. He painted poetical landscapes of tranquility
and charm, using the moods of the weather to add to the atmosphere
of the scene. Member RBS. Exhibited RA.
De PRADES, A.F. (fl 1844 - 1883)
a wide range of subjects including sporting and coaching scenes,
still life, portraits and military scenes. His work was of a fine
quality. Exhibited RI, RA and SS
DICKSEE, Sir Frank (1853
Painter of Romantic genre and portraits.
His personal style was much influenced by Pre-Raphaelite ideals,
as he was a traditionalist who greatly opposed the modernism in
art. His subjects included social dramas and elegant society portraits
which were extremely popular and well painted. He was elected President
of the Royal Academy in 1924 and knighted one year later.
DICKSEE, Herbert Thomas
(1862 - 1942)
A painter and etcher of animals
and genre with a special interest in wild animals. Based on his
own observation and study, lion, tiger and leopard subjects are
particularly powerful. Also made many appealing etchings of dogs
and worked with his brother, Sir Frank Dicksee on etchings of his
paintings. Exhibited RA and member RE.
DOUGLAS, Edward Algernon
Stuart (fl 1880 - 1892)
A sporting painter who
lived in Barnes near London, he painted in a very detailed style
and his works were widely published, with his main subject matter
being hunting. He exhibited at the RA.
DOYLE, John (1791-1868)
in Dublin, he came to London as a portrait painter and gradually
turned to sporting subjects, several of which including coaching
and hunting scenes. His best work is attractive and well finished.
He exhibited at the RA and also became a leading caricaturist signing
his work JD or HB.
DRAPER, Herbert James
Painted predominately neo-classical
subjects as well as literary and historical genre, portraits and
mural designs. A travelling scholarship from the Royal Academy Schools
enabled him to study in Paris and Rome, and this enabled him to
develop his neo-classical style further. Exhibited RA.
DRUMMOND, William (fl 1830-1843)
painter of portraits, large group portraits, figure subjects and
some historical themes. He also contributed illustrations to magazines.
DUBASTY, A Henry (fl 1853)
genre painter of sentimental, Victorian family subjects, which were
very much in vogue with publishers of the day. He is also known
for his scenes of country life. Exhibited at RA.
DUBUFE, Claude-Marie (1790
French painter of portraits, historical,
classical and religious genre. Studied in Paris achieving public
recognition and success there. Excellently painted, his genre pictures
have spirit and charm.
EARL, Thomas (fl 1836 - 1885)
animal painter of sentimental, sometimes humorous pictures of domestic
and rural life involving dogs or rabbits as the main subject. Well
composed and painted, the pictures convey the character of their
subject. Exhibited RA, BI and SS.
EDDIS, Eden Upton (1812 -
A portrait painter who worked in London
and later near Guildford. His sitters were public figures of the
day. Also painted landscapes and biblical scenes, exhibiting over
one hundred works at the RA.
ELSLEY, Arthur John (1861
A London painter of portraits and genre.
Had a talent for painting popular pictures of children playing,
often with dogs, with a sentimental style which was very much like
that of his contemporary, Frederick Morgan. His technique was good
and his paintings are much sought after today. Exhibited at the
EMMS, John (1843 - 1912)
and animal painter who lived in London. Specialised in portraying
horses and dogs, particularly hounds. His dogs were outstanding
and his work is characterised by strong brush strokes which he would
use to express the anatomy and coat texture of the animal. He exhibited
FARQUHARSON, Joseph (1846
Scottish landscape painter, born in Edinburgh.
Known for his skill in capturing the mood and atmosphere of winter
subjects, often with sheep in the landscape. His work displays a
warmth and tranquility and his style shows an influence of his tutor,
Peter Graham. Less well known for his Egyptian scenes (following
a visit there in 1855) as well as his oriental subjects, social
and rustic gentre and portraits. Elected RA. [[ Joseph
Farquharson prints ]]
FILDES, Sir Samuel Luke
(1843 - 1927)
Born in Liverpool, he studied there
as a painter, coming to London as a painter of portraits and genre.
His first work was as an illustrator for several magazines. Recommended
by Sir John Everett Millais, Dickens commissioned him to illustrate
his last novel 'Edwin Drood'. A gifted painter of portraits, his
interest in people can be seen in his crowd scenes where the characters
are depicted true to life. He was also admired as a painter of the
harsh social realities of his time as described by Dickens. Member
FORESTIER, A (fl 1882 - 1903)
succesfull London painter of historical genre and domestic scenes.
FRAIN, Robert (fl 1840-1875)
Scottish portrait and figure painter who lived in Edinburgh. Known
for his hunting portraits, his knowledge of anatomy of the horse,
together with a good portrait style, brought many commissions in
FRASER, Alexander (1786-1865)
of historical, religious, domestic and rustic genre. His work is
said to show an influence of Sir David Wilkie in manner and choice
of subject. It is also believed he collaborated with Wilkie for
many years. Associate of RSA. Exhibited RA.
FRITH, William Powell
Born in Ripon, Yorkshire, he was
forced to train as an artist by his parents and studied at the RA.
He made the depiction of modern Victorian life acceptable, following
the lead of the Pre-Raphaelites. Prior to this, the Victorian public
had only seen paintings of historical subjects; modern life and
dress were considered too drab, and not acceptable subjects to depict
in a painting. His first work of this genre, "Ramsgate Sands",
proved extremely popular and was bought by Queen Victoria. This
gave him the impetus to paint more scenes from modern life, but
he still however continued with his historical subjects such as
"An English Merry-Making". Elected RA in 1852.
FULLWOOD, John (fl 1881-1931)
near London he painted and etched many views of the River Thames,
as well as London architectural subjects and famous landmarks. Exhibited
RA. Member RBA and RI.
GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas (1727
Born in Sudbury, Suffolk, he spent most
of his career in Bathe where, amongst the fashionable society who
flocked to the city from London, he found much portrait work. he
received some formal training but was largely self taught, with
an independent and natural approach to sitters and their background.
he did not follow the classical style of the day and his portraits
are noted for their subtlety of touch and brilliant handling of
paint. In 1768 he became one of the original members of the RA.
GALLON, Robert (fl
A London landscape painter. Known
for his realistic style, much influenced by George Vicat Cole. He
painted attractive landscapes from sketches of the countryside in
England, Scotland and Wales. Additionally he painted atmospheric
panoramic views of the Thames in London. Exhibited at the RA and
GILBERT, Terence J (b. 1946)
sporting artist, born in London. His extensive knowledge of anatomy
and draughtsmanship extends from a career in advertising which he
left to concentrate on painting full-time following the success
of exhibitions in the United States. His paintings are colourful
and well structured and he spends much time on the composition of
figures before beginning to paint. Celebrated owners of his works
include former President Ronald Reagan and the actor Charlton Heston.
GIRARDET, Leon (1857 - 1895)
in Paris, he was a talented French painter in oils and watercolours,
as well as an accomplished engraver. He was known for his genre,
romantic pictures and figure studies.
GODWARD, John William
London painter of neo-classical genre.
He chose attractive young women in Greek costume as subjects in
his own personal version of the Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema and Frederick,
Lord Leighton style. Exhibited RA and SS.
GOETZE, Sigismund Charles
Born in Britain of German
ancestry. He painted in oil and watercolour and his pictures were
inspired by religious and mythological subjects, he also produced
GOODE, John (fl 1810-1835)
provincial painter he lived in Adderbury in Oxfordshire. Portraits
of dogs and horses were his chief subjects but he is better known
for large hunting scenes of which 'The Old Berkshire Hunt' is a
GOODMAN, Miss Maude (fl 1874-1901)
painter of anecdotal domestic drama, other genre and amusing pictures
of children. Though inclined to be sentimental, her pictures do
have charm. Exhibited RA.
GORE, Charles (1729 - 1807)
GRAHAM, Peter (1836 - 1921)
Scottish artist who began his career with figure composition. Turning
to landscape, he moved to London and became very successful. The
public were attracted by the wild rugged landscapes and stormy coastal
scenes that he produced each year, particularly for exhibition at
the Royal Academy, and his work was widely published. A skillful
artist he could capture the melancholy atmosphere of the Highlands.
GRANT, Sir Francis (1803
Scottish painter of portraits and hunting
scenes. Younger son of a laird and practically self taught he took
up painting as a profession. A flattering style of portraiture brought
success when he visited London. A love of hunting can be seen in
his paintings which are alive with horses, hounds and riders. He
painted an equestrian portrait of Queen Victoria. Elected PRA in
HAIG, Axel Herman (1835-1921)
etcher and painter who lived in London. Attracted by urban and architectural
subjects he travelled on the Continent as well as England where
he found inspiration for his work. Exhibited RA, and member RPE.
HALL, Harry (fl 1838-1886)
painter. Contributed to Tattersall's 'British Racehorses' and other
sporting magazines and was chief artist to 'The Field'. As his work
was almost entirely racehorse portraits, his move to Newmarket,
the hub of the racing world, kept him well supplied with work. A
major painter of racehorses in his time, his work is comparable
to J F Herring Senior. Exhibited RA.
HAMILTON, William (1751-1801)
artist, born in Chelsea, who spent many years in Italy as well as
his native London. He produced a wealth of paintings of a wide variety
of subjects, from portraits and rural scenes to classical genre,
historical and literary subjects. In demand as book illustrator.
Exhibited RA from 1774. Elected RA in 1788.
HARDING, James Duffield
(1797 - 1863)
Talented landscape and topographical
artist, as well as an accomplished engraver and lithographer. He
began exhibiting at the Royal Academy from the age of fourteen.
he was a dedicated teacher pioneering a fresh method of art instruction
and emphasising the importance of direct observation of nature which
he put into practice himself. he traveled abroad producing many
fine works for publication and was greatly admired for his work
by the public and other artists. Exhibited RA.
HARDY, Heywood (1842 - 1933)
etcher and illustrator of a variety of hunting and coaching scenes,
sporting subjects and genre pictures, principally with an eighteenth
century feel. His portrayal of dogs and horses was perceptive, and
they were well drawn and strongly painted. ARWS and RPE.
HAVELL, George (fl 1826 - 1876)
painter of portraits, animals and coaching scenes. Member of the
Reading family of artists. His coaching scenes were known for their
accuracy and lively portrayal of the subject. From Reading, he went
to live in Oxford. Exhibited RA.
HAYTER, Sir George (1792 -
Painter of portraits and historical genre,
who was known for his large portrait groups. Queen Victoria appointed
him her portrait and history painter shortly after her accession
to the throne and one of his first paintings was of her Coronation.
He was knighted by her in 1842. Through his royal connections he
became a fashionable portrait painter of the time. Exhibited RA.
HEFFNER, Karl (1849 - 1925)
painter of genre and landscapes who studied in Munich. He travelled
in Germany, Italy and England, where he stayed in London and painted
scenes of interest in the surrounding countryside. Here he exhibited
at the RA. On the European continent his work was well received,
especially in Munich where he became an honorary member of the Munich
HEMY, Thomas Marie (1852-1937)
in the North of England, he painted marine subjects, genre and sporting
games. Estuaries, docks, harbours and old wrecks interested him.
Besides the drama of the sea he was attracted by the action of the
sports field as seen in his pictures of games and matches, particularly
those of obscure public school sports. Exhibited RA.
HERRING, Benjamin Junior
A painter of animals and rural scenes
and a member of the famous family of sporting artists. He often
helped his father, John Frederick Herring Senior and much of his
work was similar in style to the point that there have been suggestions
that in later life he forged his father's work. His pictures of
horse racing are imposing and well painted and his work was used
for illustrating books. Exhibited RI.
HERRING, John Frederick
His work is often confused
with that of his father, John Frederick Herring Senior, since he
initially worked with him and used his signature. A good painter
but he could not equal his father's finest work. He painted the
same kind of hunting scenes and farmyard subjects with a slightly
HERRING, John Frederick
Senior (1795 - 1865)
Sporting and animal
painter, began as a stable boy and then moved to Doncaster as a
coachman. When his talent was recognised, he gave up coaching and
began a career as an artist. He was taught by Abraham Cooper and
his work is admired for its high quality and first hand observation.
Many pictures were engraved from his work, some for illustrated
magazines. Queen Victoria became a patron. He later diversified
to small scale studies of farm animals and farmyard scenes. Exhibited
at the RA.
HILL, John William (1812
A landscape and topographical painter
and an aquatint engraver, he was the son of John Hill a skilled
London printmaker who emigrated to America. He worked for the New
York State Geological Survey. Known for his studies of American
cities, as an admirer of John Ruskin, became a leading American
HINE, Victoria (1840 - 1926)
painter and etcher of landscapes and architecture, she was born
Victoria S Colkett and married Harry T Hine the landscape artist.
Views of Oxford and Cambridge are among her better known works.
Exhibited RA, SS.
HOGARTH, William (1697 - 1764)
artist and engraver of genre, portraits and cartoons. His first
series of pictures 'A Harlot's Progress' established him as a forthright
satirist. Skillful and robust cartoons and paintings showed the
vices and follies of the period and he was a major influence on
later genre painters such as Sir David Wilkie. The series 'Marriage
a la Mode' hangs in the National Gallery in London.
HOPPNER, John (1758 - 1810)
London portrait painter of nobility and royalty. He portrayed family
life, especially mothers with children with a skill and sympathy
that was much sought after. His portrait of Lord Nelson is an outstanding
example of his art which compares favourably with the celebrated
portrait painters of his day. Exhibited RA.
HOUSTON, John Adam (1812-1884)
painter of historical battle scenes, well known for his large canvases
of English Civil War subjects. Some of his best work is considered
to be watercolours of landscapes, many painted on the European continent
together with historical Highland incidents in sympathetic Scottish
Highland landscapes. A distinct Pre-Raphaelite influence is noticeable
in his use of colour. Member RSA, RI.
HUGGINS, William John
A marine artist, he began his career
sailing with the East India Company, progressing to drawing the
company's ships. He was appointed marine artist to William IV to
paint official records of ships and battles. Exhibited RA, BI and
HUGHES, George (fl 1813-1858)
painter of portraits and landscapes, exhibited RA
HUNT, Charles Snr (fl 1825)
known as a highly skilled engraver of sporting prints, he worked
with George Hunt. His son, Charles Hunt Jnr often worked with him
and became a successful painter of contemporary genre, humorous
and historical subjects.
HUNT, Edwin Henry (fl 1880
Animal painter and engraver. Known for
his faithful greyhound studies and horse racing pictures which he
sometimes engraved himself.
HUNT, Walter (1861-1941)
based animal painter who specialised in the faithful portrayal of
rural scenes, particularly horses and farm animals. He would often
illustrate small anecdotal incidents. Exhibited RA.
HUNT, William Holman (1827-1910)
founder member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and one of the
most vigorous defenders of its ideals. The Brotherhood aimed to
react against the teaching of the Royal Academy, seeking a fresh
approach to art and an emphasis on visual truth. Poetical, moralistic
and religious subjects inspired him. "The Light of The World"
is perhaps one of the most famous religious paintings in the World
and certainly one of his most celebrated works. A member of the
ARSA, RWS, he exhibited at the RA.
HUNTER, John Young (1874-1955)
genre and historical subjects, portraits and landscapes. He lived
in London for the early part of his life but settled in the USA
in 1913. Exhibited at the RA, including "My Lady's Garden"
in 1899, purchased by the Royal Academy as part of the Chantrey
ISABEY, Jean Baptiste
(1767 - 1855)
French portrait painter, miniaturist
and lithographer. Honoured as an outstanding artist by the nobility
and later Napoleon.
JACKSON, John (1778-1831)
painter, born in Yorkshire the son of a tailor. He began his career
as a miniaturist using pastel and watercolour. Turning to oil, he
achieved success in London society. Elected RA.
JONES, Captain Adrian
After twenty years as a Veterinary
Officer in the British Army, serving in India and taking part in
the Nile, Boer and Abyssinian Wars, he took up the painting and
sculpture of animals full-time. His horse portaits are good, but
he really excelled with sculpture of horses and hounds. Some of
his bronzes form public memorials in London today. Elected ARA.
JONES, George (1786-1869)
of battle scenes and military subjects, portraits, historical events
and views of towns. First hand experience as a soldier in the Penninsular
and Napoleonic wars helped his realistic portrayal of battle scenes.
JOSSET, Lawrence (b. 1910)
in Cambridgeshire, he acquired his early knowledge and skill as
an engraver of banknotes. This skill and attention to detail has
marked him as one of the finest intaglio artists of this century.
One of his most important works was the engraved mezzotint plate
of the Annigoni portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. This
plate was printed as a limited edition for The Times in London which
was subsequently over-subscribed. Now retired, the art world is
without the continued talents of a true craftsman. He has over the
years established a great versatility of subjects, including works
of portraits, sports, floral and landscapes. Member RE.
JOY, Thomas Musgrove (1812-1866)
in London, he painted portraits, genre, historical and sporting
subjects. Large group portraits were finely painted and he was commissioned
by Queen Victoria to paint the portraits of the Prince and Princess
of Wales. Elected ARA.
KAUFFMAN, Angelica (1740-1807)
in Switzerland, she lived in Italy before coming to London in 1765.
Sir Joshua Reynolds (qv) admired her work and helped her become
one of the first members of the RA. A gifted portraitist, she is
now best known for mythological and allegorical paintings. Her works
are attractive and finely drawn with beautifully coloured drapery.
London portrait and genre painter.
An accomplished artist, specialising in scenes of society life,
especially family pictures. Also painted dramatic scenes of high
life which were very popular at the time. He was known internationally
and exhibited in London, Paris and Rome. RBA, NEAC.
L'AUBINIERE, Georgina M de
(1848 - 1930)
French - Canadian artist best known
for her landscapes.
LANDSEER, Sir Edwin Henry
(1802 - 1873)
One of the most famous animal painters
in British art history, he is also known for his portraits of Queen
Victoria and the Royal Family, as well as his skill at sculpture.
Studying anatomy and dissecting animals from an early age, he was
a child prodigy: successfully etching at eight, winning the Society
of Art's Silver Medal for animal painting at eleven and entering
the Royal Academy Schools at fourteen. By 1826, at the age of twenty-four
he was elected an ARA and an RA in 1831. He was knighted in 1850.
Queen Victoria personally commissioned many works from him and some,
including "Islay", remain in the Royal Collection today.
Towards the end of his life, he became increasingly obsessed with
pictures of animal suffering, and some of his paintings such as
"The Swannery Invaded by Eagles" are disturbingly gruesome.
However, his popularity amongst the Victorian public was assured
with prints of paintings like "The Monarch of the Glen"
(engraved by his brother Thomas, in common with many of his works)
selling so well that publishers of the day paid huge sums for the
copyright of his paintings. Hiss skill as a sculptor was rewarded
with the commission for lions at Trafalgar Square, London; one of
Britain's most celebrated landmarks.
LAMBERT, E F (fl 1823 - 1846)
London painter of portraits, historical and literary scenes. Portraits,
both animal and human, formed the majority of his work, with commissions
of champion race horses being amongst some of his more important
works. Exhibited RA.
LAW, David (1831 - 1901)
Scottish painter and etcher who spent 20 years as a map engraver
for the British Ordnance Survey in Southampton. As a watercolourist,
he painted landscapes, detailed scenes of ships and architectural
subjects. One of the founding members of the Royal Society of Painter
Etchers, formed to protect the rights of etchers and to promote
the craft as a work of art in its own right. His etchings of the
paintings of Turner and Corot are well known, but it is with etchings
of his own work , such as his series of British castles, that he
found real and justifiable success. RPE, RBA and exhibited RA.
LAWRENCE, Sir Thomas (1769
One of the most famous British Portrait
painters. He succeeded Sir Joshua Reynolds as principal painter
to George III. His portraits followed the established classical
tradition, and the excellence of his work was matched by the importance
of his sitters who included royalty, nobility and statesmen of the
day. He was knighted for his work and was elected PRA.
LEADER, Benjamin Williams
(1831 - 1923)
The Worcestershire landscape artist
added the name Leader to avoid confusion with the Williams family
of artists to whom he was not related. Accepted as one of the true
of British Victorian landscape painting, his early works displayed
a Pre-Raphaelite influence of colour. later works became increasingly
loose and impressionistic, but he is chiefly known for the tranquility
and warmth of his works painted in the late nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries; many were widely published. Elected RA.
LEIGHTON, Edmund Blair
(1853 - 1922)
A painter of historical genre and
figure subjects. His paintings are detailed and anecdotal, very
often containing a romantic theme. They display a sentimentality
and warmth that was much sought after by the Victorian public with
the result that his works were widely an successfully published.
LEIGHTON, Frederick Lord
A painter of portraits, historical
and mythological subjects. His works often followed a classical
theme and he would visit classical remains to search for authentic
backgrounds for his painting. He was a strong influence on the neoclassical
tradition of artists such as Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, and his paintings
are considered to be some of the most valuable Victorian works on
the market today. He was highly respected as a leading figure in
the art establishment and received many honours. Elected President
of the Royal Academy, he was also a member of RWS.
LEITCH, William Leighton
Scottish landscape painter and watercolourist
who moved to London and began his artistic career as a painter of
stage scenery. After a year's study in Italy which was paid for
by a wealthy patron, he found recognition and even taught art to
the Royal Family. Elected RA, member RI.
LESLIE, Charles Robert
(1794 - 1859)
Born in London of American parents
he painted portraits as well as literary, historical and humorous
genre. After a visit to the European continent, he began to record
contemporary life, including pictures of Royal events. He was appointed
a professor by the Royal Academy.
LESLIE, George Dunlop
Landscape and genre painter, son
of Charles Robert Leslie. His early work had a distinct Pre-Raphaelite
style, but he later moved onto landscapes which became his main
interest. He lived near the River Thames, which often featured in
his paintings. Elected RA.
LODER, James (fl 1820 - 1857)
as Loder of Bath, because he both lived and worked in the historic
city, he often signed his work "Bath". He was in great
demand locally as a painter of horses and portraits, also painting
sporting groups, racing and coaching scenes.
James de (1740 - 1812)
Born in France, by his twenties Loutherbourg was a successful and prolific land
and seascape painter. In 1766 he was elected to the French Royal Academy. Five
years later he settled in England where he also worked at the Drury Lane
Theatre, designing stage sets for David Garrick. He was elected to the Royal
Academy in 1781 and in 1805 published The Romantic and Picturesque Scenery of
England and Wales.
LUCAS, John (1807 - 1874)
London painter of portraits and an engraver. In demand by distinguished
members of society and the nobility, his sitters included the Prince
Consort and the Duke of Wellington. Exhibited at the RA.
LUCEY, Charles (1814 - 1873)
accomplished painter of historical subjects and portraits, he studied
in Paris. He lived for a time outside Paris and painted large canvases
of events in history, the Puritan period being a favourite theme
of his. Many of his historical works were painted for Sir John Walmesley
who commissioned a series of notable figures in British history.
etcher, specialising in detailed wildlife and architectural subjects.
He now lives in Kent but when he was resident in London he would,
like Herbert Dicksee, regularly visit London Zoo where he sketched
and drew inspiration from the animals.
MACLISE, Daniel (1806 - 1870)
portrait and historical painter who also specialised in book illustration.
He studied in Cork and at the Royal Academy Schools in London, and
began as a portrait painter but turned towards historical genre
later on. His historical works of the 1850s are extremely complex
with a large amount of detail. "Caxton's printing Press",
showing the complete production of a book, is one of his best known
historical paintings and was produced in 1851. He was involved in
the decorations for the Houses of Parliament in London and as part
of this programme, he painted two frescos: "The Spirit of Justice"
and " The Spirit of Chivalry" for the House of Lords.
MANLY, Eleanor (fl 1875 - 1898)
genre painter, specialising in sentimental scenes, often including
children. Exhibited RA.
MARGETSON, William Henry
(1861 - 1940)
Painter of literary and figurative
subjects in a decorative and attractive style. Also painted portraits
and illustrated books. Member RI and ROI.
MARSHALL, Charles Edward
(fl 1872 - 1903)
A london painter of portraits
and genre. His work often had a romantic, story-telling feel Exhibited
MARTIN, John (1789 - 1854)
painter of landscapes and biblical scenes. Born in the north of
England, he ran away from home to study art. He is accepted as one
of the masters of biblical painting and was inspired by dramatic
episodes in the Bible, painting scenes of great imaginative complexity
and power of which "The Great Day of his Wrath" is a good
MASON, George Heming (1818-1872)
Heming (sometimes Hemming) Mason was born in Staffordshire, and
studied at Birmingham from 1839-43. In 1844 he went to Italy, where
he studied art, painted from nature around Rome with Giovanni Costa,
and remained until 1855, befriending Leighton in 1853. In 1855 he
returned to England, marrying in 1857 and settling in his home county
of Staffordshire. His work at this time consisted of pictures of
rural life, somewhat sentimental. After problems within the family,
including the financial ruination of his father, he gave up painting
for a time. When he resumed in 1867, now living in London, he painted
idyllic pastoral landscapes at sunset, usually using a long, narrow
canvas to give a panorama. In 1868 he was elected ARA.
MAY, Arthur Dampier (fl
A painter of portraits and genre.
Much of his work depicts children. Exhibited RA.
MEYER, Henry Hoppner (1782
A London portrait painter and engraver,
he was a nephew of John Hoppner. A founder of member of the Society
of British Artists, he also exhibited at the Royal Academy.
MILLAIS, Sir John Everett
(1829 - 1896)
Came to London from Jersey to study
art. A child prodigy like Sir Edwin Landseer he achieved early success
and studied at the Royal Academy School from the age of eleven,
exhibiting his first picture at the academy in 1846 when he was
just sixteen. Together with William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel
Rossetti he founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848-9. He
is considered to have been the best painter amongst the Pre-Raphaelites,
producing such works as "Ophelia", but his later works
were orientated more towards portraiture and he moved away from
the Pre-Raphaelite fold a little with paintings such as "Cherry-Ripe",
"The Nest" and "For the Squire". He was the
first artist in British history to be made a Baronet and was elected
president of the Royal Academy shortly before his death.
Frederick (fl 1880 - 1892)
Predominately a marine
artist, he also painted river scenes as well as his paintings of
ports and harbours.
MOORE, Henry (1831-1875)
marine painter and watercolourist and one of a family of artists.
He began his career painting landscapes and rural scenes, but later
became attracted by the sea. Elected RA and member RWS.
MORGAN, Frederick (1856-1927)
painter of portraits, animals, domestic and rustic genre. He is
perhaps best known for his colourful and sentimental paintings of
children, in the same vain as his contemporary Arthur John Elsley.
His paintings found a great deal of popularity during his lifetime
as they were widely published. Exhibited RA, member ROI.
MORGAN, John (1823 - 1866)
genre painter of domestic, rustic and historical subjects. He painted
many scenes of children playing and, due to such similarities in
style, is sometimes confused with Frederick Morgan. Exhibited RA.
Morland, George (1763 - 1804)
painter of portraits, genre and figure subjects whose style is distinctive,
often with a rustic theme. He came from a family of artists and
learnt his trade by being apprenticed to his father. He led a troubled
life, plagued by his debts, but he was extremely prolific and following
a move to the Isle of Wight towards the end of his life his subjects
became more and more orientated towards fishermen and women.
MORRIS, J C (fl 1851 - 1863)
Painter of landscapes, animals and genre. As a pupil of Thomas Sidney
Cooper, an influence can be seen in his painting of animals and
genre, particularly cattle which was Cooper's favourite subject.
Some of his landscapes depicted the Scottish mountains which he
loved to paint. Exhibited RA.
Neville, A.W. (fl 1868 - 1871)
artist who specialised in large scale horse racing subjects.
Nicol, Erskine (1825 - 1904)
painter of anecdotal scenes of peasant life. Born in Scotland, he
was initially inspired by scenes of country life witnessed as a
teacher in Ireland. Maintaining his Irish interest when he moved
to London, he painted humorous scenes of Irish Life, then concentrated
on Scottish subjects following a move there later in life. ARA,
O'NEILL, George Bernard
Born in Dublin, he moved to London
as a painter of genre subjects. His paintings would often be anecdotal,
depicting children and following the demand for such sentimental
subjects from the Victorian public towards the end of the 19th century.
OPIE, John (1761-1807)
painter of portraits and historical subjects who also illustrated
books. He was born in Cornwall, the son of a carpenter, and overcame
his lack of formal training to become an accomplished portrait painter
at an early age He worked in London and is buried in St Paul's Cathedral
PAINE, J D (fl 1828-1843)
well respected London architect who exhibited his designs and drawings
at the Royal Academy, including his design for the Royal Exchange,
which was never built.
PARRIS, Edmund Thomas
London painter, architect and restorer
who painted portraits, historical scenes, genre and landscapes.
He liked to work on a grand scale such as his restoration work on
frescos in St. Paul's Cathedral. He was appointed historical painter
to Queen Adelaide and exhibited RA.
PATON, Frank (1856-1909)
engraver and illustrator of genre, animal and sporting subjects.
His studies of dogs were particularly attractive and in demand.
PATON, Joseph Noel (1821
Paton was born in Scotland the son of
an antiquarian and collector. He was a religious, historical, mythical
and allegorical painter, sculptor, illustrator, poet and collector.
began his career as head designer in a sewn-muslin factory in Paisley.
In 1842 he went to London where he studied at the Royal Academy
Schools, met John Everett Millais, and was awarded prizes for his
contributions to the Westminster Hall competitions in 1845 and 1847.
was an extremely well educated and cultured man. He collected armour
and weaponry, items which appear in many of his paintings, including
Fairy Raid (1867; Glasgow Art Galleries and Museums). He not only
painted fairy subjects, but also scenes of contemporary life. All
are notable for their attention to detail, comparable to that of
the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Later he turned to religious subjects
which were stylistically similar to the works of the Nazarenes.
He also worked as an illustrator, for example designing pictures
for Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner, produced sculptures
and medals, and published books of poetry.
exhibited in London at the Royal Academy from 1856 to 1883, as well
as at the Grosvenor Gallery, Royal Scottish Academy, Glasgow Institute
of the Fine Arts and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. He was elected
an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1847, becoming a full
member in 1850. He was made Her Majesty's Limner for Scotland in
1866 and a knight in 1876.
Pearce, Stephen (1819 - 1904)
portrait and equestrian painter, he was brought up in the Royal
Mews where his father worked and where he had the chance to paint
the Queen's horses. Trained at the RA schools and a pupil of the
President of the Royal Academy, Sir Martin Archer Shee, he was an
important painter of great ability known for equestrian presentation
portraits and groups. Exhibited RA.
PERUGINI, Charles Edward
Born in Naples, he moved to London
in 1863. He was helped and influenced by Frederick, Lord Leighton.
An accomplished genre and portrait painter, he liked to paint graceful
ladies in elegant surroundings with perhaps an amusing, romantic
and classical theme. "Flower Worship" was exhibited at
the RA in 1895. Exhibited at the RA, BI and SS.
PIQUENIT, William Charles
Australian landscape painter who
was born in Hobart, Tasmania. He was an administrator for twenty-three
years before retiring to paint full-time, at which time he moved
to Sydney, Australia.
POCOCK, Nicholas (1741-1821)
marine artist. He began his career serving at sea which had a great
impact on his later style of painting. He painted in both oil and
watercolour, following the Dutch formal style. He is acknowledged
as helping to establish the British maritime painting tradition
and as such was a founder member of the Old Watercolour Society.
Pollard, James (1792 - 1867)
by his father to be a painter of horses, and by Thomas Berwick the
art of engraving, he became a very successful and widely published
painter of coaching and sporting scenes. he excelled a crowd scenes
and background and his work was much sought after by dealers and
private patrons. Today he is appreciated for the historical accuracy
and contemporary detail of his coaching and sporting scenes.
POYNTER, Sir Edward John
A painter of neo-classical figure
subjects. During a visit to Italy in 1853, he met Frederick, Lord
Leighton (qv), and his work was greatly influenced by this encounter.
Studying in London at the Royal Academy Schools as well as in Paris,
he was an academic artist whose highly colourful and detailed paintings,
came from extensive sketches he made of his models from real life.
His paintings were predominately of Greek or Roman classical subjects,
often in marbled interiors, evidence of the influence of Leighton.
Accepted as one of the leading artists of his day, he was elected
as President of the Royal Academy in 1896 and retained the position
until 1918, one year before his death.
Prior, Thomas (1809 - 1886)
engraver. Much of his early work His early work comprised topographical
views done after Allom and Bartlett for the publishers Henry Fisher
and George Virtue during the 1830s and 1840s. In 1846 Prior bought
from J M W Turner the drawing of Heidelberg and published the engraving
on copper (1844) which established his reputation. It was re-engraved
on steel for the Art Journal (1864) and was re-issued in R W Wornum’s
Turner Gallery (1878). He engraved numbers of other plates for the
Art Journal between 1850 and 1871. His last engraving was "The
Fighting Téméraire" after Turner, completed in September 1886,
some six weeks before his death.
PROUT, Samuel (1782-1852)
of architectural subjects and topographical scenes. He exhibited
a variety of English landscapes, but his talent and interest lay
in painting the picturesque towns of the European continent. His
sketches of Venice formed the inspiration for a number of paintings.
He taught art and was so successful in this field that he published
eighteen books for beginners on the subject. Exhibited RA and member
REDGRAVE, Richard (1804-1889)
Redgrave was born in Pimlico, London, and determined early on in
life to be an artist. Frequent journeys on the outskirts of London
gave him a love of the outdoors and a habit of sketching from nature.
He also made careful studies of the Elgin Marbles. He decided to
become a painter, exhibiting at the Royal Academy from 1825, and
entering the Royal Academy Schools from 1826, supporting himself
by teaching. His early years as an artist were difficult ones, until
in 1837 he exhibited Gulliver on the Farmer’s Table, which brought
him to the attention of a wide audience by engravings. The Seamstress
(1844) - showing a girl working late at night in her horrible bedsit
- became his most popular painting. With paintings like this Redgrave
became known for scenes of contemporary social life, 'scenes of
pathetic and sentimental subjects' and one of the first to use contemporary
clothing in pictures (e.g. The Poor Teacher (1843) anticipating
the fallen women of the Pre-Raphaelites in the 1850s and 1860s.
Redgrave also preceded the other painters who became well known
for pictures of poverty - Hubert von Herkomer, Frank Holl and Luke
Fildes. Redgrave painted several pictures showing girls with a Pre-Raphaelite
look, indoors or outside, and also rustic outdoor scenes and flower
illustrations (in the 1840s). He designed some book illustrations,
but these were sentimental and not of great merit. He was elected
ARA in 1840 and RA in 1851, his diploma work being The Outcast,
a rather histrionic expulsion of a daughter with illegitimate baby
while her family weep and wail.
Redgrave was important
in the organisation of the Government School of Design, established
in 1847, and held several posts at the institution, in particular
Art Superintendent in the Department of Practical Art (1852), in
which capacity he largely organised the English system of art education.
In 1857 he became Inspector General of Art and Surveyor of the Royal
Collections. He catalogued the 1862 International Exhibition, and
subsequently wrote A Century of Painters of the English School.
He also helped in the organisation of the South Kensington Museum.
From 1825 until 1880, when ill-health forced him to resign from
most of his official appointments, Redgrave contributed some 175
pictures to the Royal Academy exhibitions.
biography courtesy of Bob Speel, click
here to see his page dedicated mainly to 19th century British art.)
Redoute, Pierre Joseph
(1759 - 1840)
Born in Saint-Hubert, Belgium,
he was the son of the successful portrait and landscape painter
Charles Redoute. He illustrated and published a number of books
of his delicate flower paintings, including the famous "Monographie
des Roses" with the result that his work became very popular.
A brilliant teacher, he taught drawing to Marie-Antoinette and other
members of the French Royal Family as well as teaching physics at
the Academy of Science. He died in Paris in 1840.
Reynolds, Sir Joshua (1723
Born in Plymouth, Devon he is one of
the most famous eighteenth century English portrait painters and
one of the major influences on the style of portraiture in art history.
He studied the Old Masters in Italy, returning to London in 1753
where he created his own interpretation and style and was held in
such high regard by his contemporaries, that when the Royal Academy
was founded in 1768, he was chosen to be its first President. He
was knighted in 1769.
Richmond, George ( 1809 - 1918)
painter of portraits, a close friend of Samuel Palmer and greatly
influenced by William Blake, he became a member of "The Ancients",
a group of Blake followers. After Blake's death, there was little
interest in this form of work and he was forced to turn to portraiture
as the major source of his income. In this guise he finally received
recognition and was elected RA as well as a Fellow of the Society
RIVIERE, Briton (1840 -
Briton Riviere was an English painter;
the surname indicates his descent from a Huguenot family which settled
in England in the 17th Century. The family included several painters,
and so Briton Riviere was introduced to art at a young age. He studied
drawing and painting at Oxford, where, incidentally, his father
William Riviere had persuaded the University to introduce the study
of art for undergraduates. Though he exhibited at the Royal Academy
from 1858, Riviere's first real success came only in 1869, with
his picture The Long Sleep, showing an old man dead in his chair,
watched by his two dogs. This sort of picture was ideally suited
to attract the Victorian art lover, and Prisoners (1869) and Charity
(1870) were also gloomy enough to win high praise. He began to exhibit
Classical paintings from 1871, with Circe and the Friends of Ulysses
producing an instant success. Daniel in 1872, Argus in the following
year and the well-received Apollo of 1874 were further pictures
in the same genre.
Despite these Classical pictures,
Riviere did not neglect the pathetic, with a domestic drama called
Come Back in 1871, All that was left of the Homeward Bound (1873)
showing a shipwrecked girl clinging to a plank in the sea with,
typically, a dog for company, and in 1875 War Time and The Last
of the Garrison. Riviere continued to produced a mix of contemporary
genre, classical and animal subjects, building besides a reputation
as a fine colourist. He became ARA in 1878 and RA in 1881, his Diploma
painting being an animal picture, The King Drinks.
biography courtesy of Bob Speel, click
here to see his page dedicated mainly to 19th century British art.)
ROE, Robert Ernest (fl 1868-1875)
painter and etcher of coastal subjects as well as harbour and river
scenes. He was an accomplished artist whose work was never fully
ROMNEY, George (1734-1802)
little formal training, he became one of the most successful English
portrait painters of his day. A visit to Italy enhanced his reputation
when considered in competition with other contemporary portrait
painters such as Sir Joshua Reynolds. Many of his portraits are
of young women and are extremely sympathetic in their treatment.
He was elected President of the Royal Academy.
Rowlandson, Thomas (1756
A gifted draughtsman and caricaturist,
Thomas Rowlandson could draw before he could write, by the age of
10 spent much of his free time drawing. In 1772 he enrolled at the Royal Academy Schools,
obtaining a silver medal at the Academy in 1777. In 1778 he left
the Academy and opened a studio in Wardour Street where he
worked as a portrait painter, he also traveled in Europe where
he drew pictures of his experiences. During the 1780s he started
to concentrate more on caricature and satirical art rather than
portraits, over the next couple of decades he produced cartoon sequences
such as 'The Microcosm of London' (1808), 'The Tours of Dr. Syntax'
(written by William Combe), 'The Military Adventures of Johnny Newcombe'
and 'The English Dance of Death'. The plates for these works were
drawn and etched by Rowlandson, then aquatinted, hand coloured and
published by Rudolph Ackermann's studio.
RUBENS, Peter Paul (1577-1640)
Flemish painter, gifted artist, fine colourist and draughtsman.
Influenced by study in Italy, he painted large, sumptuous works
and classical subjects full of light and life, as well as fine portraits.
He was commissioned by Charles I to decorate the ceiling in the
Banqueting House, Whitehall.
Sadler, Walter Dendy
(1854 - 1923)
One of the true masters of domestic
genre along with his contemporary Frank Moss Bennett. His subjects
were usually set in the late eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries
with sentimental, romantic and humorous themes. Before painting
a scene he would create elaborate settings in which local villagers
would often pose as models. Indeed, as he often used the same props
and models, these can sometimes be seen repeated in successive paintings
in different guises. The home, the inn, the lawyers office, the
garden and the golf course all provide subjects for his wit and
clever social observation. A member of the RBA, he also exhibited
at the RA.
A painter of portraits, sporting
subjects and animal studies. His hunting scenes are full of action
and colour and his horses are well drawn. Member RI.
Sant, James (1820 - 1916)
painter of portraits and genre subjects, he was in great demand
to paint the nobility and other prominent members of society life.
He also painted genre subjects of an allegorical nature. Elected
SCOTT, William Henry Stothard
A painter of landscapes and rural
scenes who lived in Brighton. He depicted the neighbouring British
countryside of Sussex and Surrey and places of interest in these
counties such as Arundel Castle, as well as scenes from his travels
abroad. Exhibited RA and Associate of OWS.
SEALY, Allen Culpeper
A skilled painter of horse portraits
and hunting scenes as well as a noted landscape artist. He painted
largely around Mapledurham and Hampshire. Exhibited RA.
SHAW, John Byam (1872-1919)
painter in the late Pre-Raphaelite tradition. His pictures are elaborately
composed and decorative with his figures well studied and carefully
drawn. He used pure pigments to give his work an illuminated appearance.
Associate of RWS and member RI.
SHERRIN, Daniel (fl 1890-1912)
talented painter of landscapes and scenes along the coast of Norfolk
and Suffolk. His work varied in quality and he was a pupil of Benjamin
Williams Leader (qv), indeed, he was known to very occasionally
add Leader's signature to his own work in order to add value. His
better work is worthy of his tutor and is full of atmosphere and
SIDLEV, Samuel (1829-1896)
a portrait painter, his work includes various genre and literary
subjects, some of which were engraved. He received many commissions
for commemorative and presentation portraits. Member RBA and exhibited
Slingsby, Thomas (fl 1871)
painter of horses and hunting scenes.
SLOCOMBE, Edward (1850 - 1915)
in London and part of a noted family of artists, Edward Slocombe
was a painter, etcher and mezzotint engraver. Some of his etchings
were published in The Art Journal and the Portfolio, also a number
of etchings of church bulidings were published by the Fine Art Society.
Member of the RPE (Royal Society of Painter-Etchers.)
SLOCOMBE, Frederick Albert
(fl 1886 - 1920)
A London painter of landscapes,
coastal scenes and genre, better known for his work as an etcher.
His landscapes convey the characteristic charm and serene atmosphere
of the English countryside. Exhibited RA, member RPE.
Stone, Marcus (1840 - 1921)
painter of historical and romantic genre, often set in the eighteenth
century. The subjects, of a sentimental nature captured the
interest of the Victorian print buying public. As am illustrator,
he worked for Cornhill Magazine and he also illustrated for Dicken's
"Our Mutual Friend". Elected RA.
STOTHARD, Robert Thomas
(fl 1821 - 1865)
A painterof portraits, figurative
subjects historical and literary genre. Exhibited RA.
STRUTT, Alfred William
A talented artist, who was widely
published. He was born in New Zealand although he lived most of
his life in London. He painted variety of subjects including genre
portraits and sporting pictures. Almost all his pictures are characterised
by an amusing twist, often a parody of the subject depicted. Exhibited
STUBBS, George (1724-1806)
animal painter and etcher born Liverpool, he is widely accepted
as the master of equine art. He studied anatomy to be a portrait
artist, and from this was inspired to study the anatomy of the horse.
Dissecting dead horses, he drew and engraved every detail, publishing
"The Anatomy of the Horse" in 1766, a book still referred
STURGESS, John (fl 1875 - 1884)
sporting and animal painter who exhibited widely in the London galleries.
He spent many years studying the action and behavior of horses and
their anatomy and was consequently able to capture the reality,
dangers and excitement of the hunting and steeplechase field. Known
also as an accomplished illustrator of books and magazines.
SWEET, Dorothy (fl 1920 - 1929)
based painter and etcher.
SWINSTEAD, George Hillyard
(1860 - 1926)
From a talented family of painters,
he was educated at the Royal Academy Schools and began his career
as a portrait and genre painter. These scenes often included children
and dogs. In later life, his interest lay with coastal scenes. Exhibited
RA and SS and member RBA and RI.
SYMONDS, William Robert
Born in Suffolk, he studied portraiture
in London and Antwerp. As an accomplished portrait painter, he received
many commissions from society circles as well as important dignitaries.
He exhibited "Babes in the Wood" at the RA in 1901.
TAYLER, John Frederick
A painter of sporting subjects and
landscapes, illustrator, lithographer and etcher. He is perhaps
best known for his Scottish landscapes. An accomplished artist,
his skill with watercolour led to his election as President of the
Royal Watercolour Society.
THOMPSON, Jacob (1806-1879)
in Cumberland he was a painter of landscapes, portraits, animals
and genre. After a period in London, he moved to Scotland to paint
Scottish scenes, especially those depicting Highland life, which
were a particular favourite of his. Exhibited RA.
THORBURN, Archibald (1861-1935)
Scottish animal painter, born in Edinburgh and known for his pictures
of Highland animals and especially game birds. He visited Scotland
each year from London, where he had moved in 1885, and made detailed
sketches from nature of game birds, which he then worked on in his
studio using his main medium, watercolour. The resulting pictures,
with a uniquely delicate style, are remarkable for their precision
and are probably the most celebrated images of these birds known.
He illustrated many books on birds, including "British Birds"
in 1915 and exhibited at the RA.
TOMSON, Clifton (1775-1828)
Nottingham painter of animal portraits, particularly race horses,
and sporting scenes. An influence of George Stubbs (qv) is evident
in the natural portrayal of his horses. One of the most famous horses
he painted, "Orville", was owned by Earl Fitzwilliam.
TOWNE, Charles (1763-1840)
accomplished painter of horses and racing scenes. From humble beginnings,
he worked hard to improve his skill as a painter and finally after
various jobs, he was given the opportunity to exhibit his work in
Liverpool, after which his career flourished. He was ultimately
elected President of the Liverpool Academy.
TROYON, Constant (1810 - 1865)
Barbizon School painter. Specialised in landscapes and animals.
TURNER, Francis Calcraft
(1795 - 1865)
Painted a variety of subjects,
but racing and hunting scenes were his favourite as these were sports
in which he took part. Based in London, most of his paintings depict
scenes in and around the city.
TURNER, Joseph Mallord
Born in London and considered
by many to be the greatest landscape and possibly the greatest British
artist to date. Like Sir Edwin Landseer and Sir John Everett Millais
he exhibited at the Royal Academy at an early age, entering
the School at the age of fourteen and exhibiting his first watercolour
a year later. His style evolved, with early works being finely detailed
figurative watercolours. Gradually his painting became increasingly
impressionistic, concentrating on atmosphere, space and light. This
approach, together with that of John Constable had a great influence
on the Impressionists. He painted many scenes in Britain as well
as abroad as he travelled extensively, sketching as he went. He
was greatly involved in the publication of his paintings as engravings,
and dealt closely with the engravers he employed. This was necessary
as often the translation of Turner's impressionistic style into
lines on an engraved plate required a large amount of artistic input.
As with most geniuses, he was attacked by the critics in his time,
but the art establishment recognised him; he was elected RA in 1802
and in 1807 was made Professor of Perspective at the Academy, in
1845 he became Deputy President.
VEAL, George (fl 1893)
painter of portraits and animals. His main interest was the portrayal
of hunting and coaching scenes, and he was known for his talent
of accurately depicting horses in action.
WALLER, Samuel Edmund
(1850 - 1903)
Genre and animal painter, born
in Gloucester. His subjects were generally sentimental and romantic,
and often depicted horses. His hunting works concentrated on the
social rather than the sporting aspect of the subject, and he often
portrayed his characters in eighteenth century costume. Worked also
as a magazine illustrator and exhibited at the RA.
WALSH, T N H (fl. 1878 - 1882)
well published painter and engraver of horse racing, hunting and
WARD, James (1769 - 1859)
accomplished painter and engraver of landscapes, animals and sporting
subjects. His work became increasingly dramatic and ambitious in
scale as he achieved success and was rewarded with the appointment
of Painter and Engraver in Mezzotints to the Prince of Wales. Elected
WARD, John (1798 - 1849)
as John Ward of Hull, a marine artist who was self taught, he became
a skilled draughtsman and painter of shipping scenes. He was a local
leader in the field of marine art and a founding member of the Hull
School of painters
WARDLE, Arthur (1864-1949)
London painter who, with little formal training, became one of the
most famous animal painters. His speciality was dog subjects but
he was also interested in both domestic and wild animals. Many references
for his work came from studies made of exotic animals at London
Zoo. Member RI and PS. Exhibited SS and RA from 1880.
WEAVER, Arthur (b. 1919)
accepted as the leading contemporary golf artist, the combination
of exceptional figure study, together with the combination of a
skill for landscape painting has resulted in a wide popularity.
He has painted some of the finest golf courses in the world and
his paintings hang in some of the leading golf collections including
the Professional Golf Association Museum in Far Hills, New Jersey.
In addition to golf, he was chosen by the MCC to paint Lord's Cricket
Ground; the oil now hangs in the Long Room at Lord's amongst some
of the finest memorabilia of the game.
WEBB, William Edward (1862-1903)
marine painter. Based in Manchester, England, he visited many parts
of the coast to research his pictures thoroughly. Influence of JMW
Turner (qv) is noticeable in later works particularly in his treatment
and use of light.
WEBSTER, Thomas (1800-1886)
painter of portraits and genre. He studied at the Royal Academy
and was awarded a gold medal there in 1824. After the success of
an exhibition at the British Institute of a painting depicting schoolchildren
at play, he developed this theme and used it for much of his genre
subjects. His style and technique were widely praised and show influences
of the 17th century Flemish School. He was elected RA in 1846.
WEEKES, Herbert William
(fl 1864- 1904)
Born in London, he was known
as William Weekes. His father was a successful sculptor and Royal
Academician but he reacted against his father's work and established
himself as a painter of animals and genre. He would pose animals,
in humorous situations, almost personifying them and created a style
that became very popular. Exhibited at RA.
WILKIE, Sir David (1785 -
A Scottish portrait, historical and genre
painter. Born in Fife, he studied in Edinburgh and London and was
inspired by Dutch and Flemish painters. He shows an influence of
William Hogarth, although the style he developed was still his own;
detailed, strong and rich in colour. His success lay in his ability
to capture ordinary human situations with humour and sympathy. His
work was very popular and was widely published. Chosen as painter
to George IV, he was knighted for his services in 1831. Elected
WINTERHALTER, Franz Zavier
(1805 - 1873)
A German portrait painter and lithographer
who had an international reputation as one of the best court painters
of his day. He painted many of the royal families of Europe, including
Queen Victoria and other members of the British Royal Family, as
well as many portriats of the British aristocracy.
WOMBILL, Sidney R (fl 1841)
respected painter of horses whose skill resulted in many commissions
for portraits of champion horses of his day.
WONTNER, William Clark
(fl 1879 - 1922)
A London portrait painter. His
portraits of young women, displaying a later Pre-Raphaelite influence,
captured the beauty of his sitters and were widely published.
WRIGHT, George (1860 - 1942)
very well respected painter of horses, his subjects were predominately
of coaching, hunting, polo and other equine sports. He is perhaps
one of the most widely published sporting artists, yet very little
is known of his life. His work was well painted with much movement
and has been the inspiration for many contemporary sporting artists.
Exhibited RA from 1892.
WYLLIE, William Lionel (1851
An oil and watercolour painter and etcher
of coastal and marine scenes. He studied at the Royal Academy, where
he was awarded the Turner gold medal in 1869 and from there went
on to become one of the most proficient marine artists of his time.
Many of his subjects were based around London and Portsmouth and
he painted the contemporary British fleet as well as a great number
of historical subjects. Elected RA in 1907 and member RI and RE.
YEAMES, William Frederick
(1835 - 1918)
W. F. Yeames, son of the British Consul in South Russia, was much encouraged
by his parents in his youthful artistic proclivities. At the age of six, to
enthuse him further, the whole family went on a leisurely tour of Italy.
Unluckily, in the second year of the excursion, Yeames's father died. The family
settled in Dresden. Yeames junior was tutored in art at home, and in 1848 he
moved to London where he studied under the sculptor Westmacott and also George Scharf. There followed a
return journey to Italy, after which, in 1854, Yeames went back to England and
had his first pictures exhibited at the RA. He became somewhat of an
establishment figure, becoming ARA in 1866 and being elected RA in 1878, then
Librarian at the Academy, and holding other offices such as Curator of the
Painted Hall at Greenwich.
Yeames painted popular historical and genre pictures, with a lively sense of
dramatic expression. His best known picture is And When Did You Last See
Your Father? (Walker Art Gallery,
Liverpool), showing Cromwellian soldiers questioning a captured Royalist
boy. Another important picture is Amy Robsart (1877), purchased by
the Chantrey Bequest the year before Yeames
was elected an RA. An example of a rather later work by Yeames is
Defendant and Counsel (1895), which is at Bristol.
biography courtesy of Bob Speel, click
here to see his page dedicated mainly to 19th century British art.)
The above text Copyright Thomas Ross Limited & Steve Bartrick.
Images Copyright Thomas Ross Limited. Unauthorised reproduction